It's so much to do at the same time, aside from to think about a picture conceptually.
While there is no replacement experience, the goal of this informative article is to greatly help get your technical abilities and camera settings up to par in order to make things so easier for you. When you get good at these skills, with some practice, it will almost feel as if the camera isn't there. When done well, it feels like it is merely your eyes and the scene facing you.
However, to make that happen can require some specific methods for shooting.
1. CAMERA SETTINGS AND SHUTTER SPEED PRIORITYI have noticed when teaching that so many people shoot in Aperture Priority mode in most single circumstance. Aperture priority mode is a good method to shoot for things such as landscapes, architecture, when you need a shallow depth of field, and for portraiture. If you're adequate with either Aperture, Shutter, or Manual mode you need to use them for almost any situation. However, for street photography, I claim that you see shooting in Shutter Priority Mode. The toughest move to make is always to freeze motion in a scene and to help make the important elements sharp, and you must have the best shutter speed settings to do this.
To freeze motion on the streets, my go-to setting is Shutter Priority at 1/320 of a second. When it is very bright out I should go to 1/500, and in darker situations I should go right down to 1/160.
Manual settings can work, but I would rather let the camera do the work to set the corresponding aperture. While you intend to have control within the settings of one's camera, you do not want to change them each time you change your direction. If you should be pointed into sunlight one second and in to the shady side of the street another, it may become a nuisance to change the settings each time. However, if you are in a situation with very consistent lighting, manual could be a great mode to use.
2. HIGH ISOI also would rather photograph with a top ISO for street photography. There is a typical misconception that you need to photograph with low ISOs, when in reality, shooting with a top ISO will often yield a photograph with better technical qualities, form added grain.
Getting the focus correct and freezing quick scenes is incredibly tough, and shooting with a top ISO enables you to photograph with a quicker shutter speed and a more substantial aperture, from f/8 all the best way to f/16, developing a larger array of sharpness in a image. Should you miss the focus somewhat on the main subject or have multiple subjects at different depths, there is a much better chance that they can still emerge acceptably sharp. This is often especially important with zone-focusing, which is talked about below.
You will begin to see your images, while grainier, will undoubtedly be crisper and sharper and will look better.
3. USE A WIDE-ANGLE, PRIME LENSIt can feel convenient to shoot street photography with a zoom lens from a distance and there are some photographers who do this well. However, I implore you to try street photography with a wide-angle prime lens. You may not go back to that zoom.
A wide-angle lens will open up the scene since you will have to capture people from a closer distance. It enables you to capture more of the surrounding area itself, while having a prominent subject large and in the foreground. When utilizing a wide-angle lens it almost feels such as the viewer is immersed in the scene and not separated from it at a distance.
In addition, utilizing a wide-angle perspective will allow more of the scene to be sharp and when blended with an inferior aperture (f/8 to f/16), will allow for a huge array of sharpness in the scene.
The final reason to utilize a wide-angle prime lens is that they're often lighter and easier to maneuver. This enables you to photograph more freely. Because the camera will undoubtedly be smaller with no heavy zoom lens, it will undoubtedly be easier to have closer. Also, over time you are certain to get very much accustomed to that focal length that you will start to start to see the potential framing when you even begin to frame the scene and examine the viewfinder. Having to improve the zoom before going for a shot could possibly get in the way of spontaneous shooting.
My preferred wide-angle lenses are 35mm and 28mm on a complete frame. That could be near a 23mm or 20mm on an APS-C sensor camera.
4. ZONE FOCUSZone focusing involves turning your camera to manual focusing, setting it the focus point out a particular focus distance (I often prefer 10 or 8 feet away) and then photographing your subjects around that distance from the camera.
This is completed best in bright areas where you could work with a small aperture, but it can be achieved in darker situations if you obtain good at it. If you are photographing on a brilliant day with a 28mm lens at f/16 and your focusing is placed to 10 feet away, not only will people at 10 feet be tack sharp, but from 4 feet away to the back ground is going to be very sharp. This makes photographing a breeze. With zone focusing and a primary lens all you've got to accomplish is see something, enter place, frame, and click. If you like to hip shoot (shoot without looking through the viewfinder) then this is the best way to accomplish it when you can still get the focus correct. Once the light gets lower and you have to use larger apertures, such as f/5.6 as well as f/2.8, it becomes much harder to zone focus, however with practice you can still try this well.
Also, don't forget that you are merely a switch far from turning the autofocus back on. When I zone focus, I'll still turn the autofocus on quickly when I need to, which happens fairly frequently.
5. TRY A SMALLER, LIGHTER CAMERAYou can do this sort of photography very, very with well with a DSLR and a primary lens. However, there is no question that the smaller camera is definitely an advantage. There is nothing like street photography with a smaller camera, and there are many fantastic lines of smaller cameras to test today, both mirrorless and micro 4/3.
I personally use and love the Fuji X100 line (and the whole line of smaller Fuji cameras is good), but Ricoh, Sony, Olympus, and of course Leica (if you are able to afford it) all make incredible smaller cameras which can be a pleasure to use and allow it to be an easy task to take everywhere. What is the point of having a great SLR if you don't enjoy taking it with you on a regular basis? Even an iPhone can work provided that it gets you to photograph consistently.
So put on a 35mm prime lens, set your camera around a shutter speed of 1/320 at ISO 800 or 1600, change it to manual focusing at 10 or 8 feet away, and forget that it is even there.